Iranian Envoy On His Country’s Nuclear Program…

September 18, 2008 by  


By Nilofar Suhrawardy, MMNS

NEW DELHI: Dispelling apprehensions of Indo-United States nuclear ties of having any negative impact on Tehran’s relations with Delhi, in an exclusive interview, Iranian envoy Seyed Mehdi Nabizadeh drew attention to Indo-Iranian bilateral ties having always been “very cordial” down the ages. When asked about India’s vote against Iran at International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Nabizadeh replied: “Certainly there was a negative impact. Iran decided to ignore it and now it is history. But we hope that it would not be repeated.”

On Iran’s nuclear program, Nabizadeh specifically said: “We will act according to rules and regulations of Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) and IAEA. We have always had a peaceful program.” “We must have nuclear power according to our needs,” he said. On the nuclear plant in southern Iran (Bushehr nuclear plant), despite there being delay in supply of fuel from Russia, “the project is near the later stage of completion,” he said.

The envoy does not expect Iran’s peaceful nuclear program to disturb its diplomatic ties. “We hope we will continue to have good relations with other countries,” he said.

“The United States has exercised a lot of pressure to prevent Iran from pursuing its peaceful nuclear program, even at IAEA,” which Nabizadeh said has not found much support. Even the move to transfer Iran’s nuclear-program case from IAEA to UN has been rejected as “illegal,” he pointed out.

“We feel that we have support for pursuing a peaceful nuclear program. Under NPT, we have the right to pursue peaceful nuclear activities. I hope that every country will be able to promote scientific pursuits for peaceful purposes,” Nabizadeh said.

Strongly criticizing a statement from Israel on “kidnapping” of Iran’s President, Nabizadeh said: “This is exactly an illegal statement. It will create insecurity in the region. But we have registered our complaint with the United Nations Security Council through our representative.”

On recent deliberations by Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), on a cut in their production, Nabizadeh simply said: “It is a normal procedure.”

Highlighting the importance of regional diplomacy, Nabizadeh said: “It is more important to have good relations with neighbors than with distant countries.” Elaborating on this, he said regional diplomacy for India in South Asia is as important as it is for Iran among the Arab nations.

In the coming days, prospects of Indo-Iran bilateral relations strengthening further and entering into new areas are very strong, Nabizadeh said. This is marked by the recent months being marked by high-level exchange of visits from both countries. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was here this April. “We hope that certain other visits will take place during the current year,” Nabizadeh.

In addition to history being witness to strong Indo-Iranian ties, Nabizadeh referred to the two having had “very good cooperation” in the non-aligned movement. Expressing that bilateral ties are moving beyond the oil-trade, Nabizadeh highlighted the new importance being given to “expansion of relations in political, cultural and economic areas.” This is supported by several agreements for greater cultural, educational and scientific between Iranian and Indian ministries.

“Iranian cultural week was recently held in India. The Indian cultural week is expected to held in Iran soon,” the envoy said.

The upswing in bilateral economic ties, Nabizadeh pointed out is marked by the increase in “trade exchange over the past two years from “$7 billion to $10 billion, $8 billion of which includes oil and the rest non-oil items.” The Indo-Iran trade stood at $1.18 billion in 2003-04, from $913 million in the preceding year.

Besides, Nabizadeh delved on several joint committees having been set up to add greater momentum to progress in Indo-Iran ties. In this direction, “the 15th joint economic commission is to meet in November in Tehran” to focus on economic, political and cultural issues, he said. 

In addition, there are prospects of Indo-Iranian ties expanding in the tourism sector. Of late, importance is also being given to “exchange of ideas and cooperation in the private sector,” which is likely to show results in the coming year, Nabizadeh said.

“Certain problems related to banking and credit,” are likely to be resolved soon, as “discussions are taking place to open branch of an Iranian bank in India and of an Indian bank in Iran,” Nabizadeh said.

The recent developments on the much-publicized Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) pipeline, have been “very fruitful,” Nabizadeh said. These include the agreement on the pipeline being via land and not water. Iran has responded “positively” to India’s recent demand of the gas delivered at the Indo-Pak border, he said.

Nevertheless, there remain a few hurdles such as the problem of transit and custom fees having not yet been resolved between India and Pakistan. “Unfortunately, no conclusion (Indo-Pak) has been yet arrived at, though some discussions have begun again,” he said. Besides, India has not participated in these discussions for about ten months, he said.

Discussions have also been delayed because of certain developments, including assassination of former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto and elections in Pakistan, Nabizadeh said.

The IPI is “one of the most important projects,” which Nabizadeh said would “contribute to economy, political stability and security of the region.” 

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Comments

One Response to “Iranian Envoy On His Country’s Nuclear Program…”

  1. Saint Michael Traveler on September 18th, 2008 5:12 pm

    Nuclear Fuel

    The whole issue of conflict with Iran is about control of the sources of energy, oil and nuclear fuel. The efforts to monopolize nuclear fuel production started in 1978, when the Nuclear Suppliers Group tried to impose restrictions on the right of developing countries to enrich their own uranium, a right. Since Article IV of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty ensures access to peaceful uses of nuclear technology for non-nuclear weapon states, the technology for uranium enrichment must be permitted to all states under the current nonproliferation regime. Countries like Iran therefore, are permitted to develop their own enrichment technology for peaceful nuclear energy production. Iran has argued for an international nuclear fuel consortium to operate Iranian nuclear enrichment. Iranians assert that this international cooperative arrangement and IAEA oversight together will eliminate USA fear that Iran is attempting to use the technology to develop nuclear weapon.

    The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) is a USA. GNEP-initiative monopolizes nuclear fuel production and waste management infrastructure.
    Global Nuclear Power Infrastructure (GNPI) is a Russian initiative.
    Russia will retain exclusive control of all sensitive enrichment technology.

    Both GNEP and GNPI monopolize production of nuclear fuel. Any nation who would have nuclear reactor but can not control the supplier of nuclear fuel is not an independent nation. The case of Iran and Russia as supplier of the fuel demonstrates my argument. The Iranian problem for receiving from Russia fuel for Bushehr, Iran Nuclear Reactor, was co-opted by the USA forcing Iran to initiate her own fuel production.

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