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Hajj Promotes Tolerance

May 8, 2008 by  


Courtesy P.K. Abdul Ghafour, Arab News

JEDDAH, 6 May 2008 — A study of Hajjis by Harvard Kennedy School in the US has found that the Hajj promotes tolerance among pilgrims and does not lead to an increase in negative attitudes toward the West.

The study—entitled “Estimating the Impact of the Hajj: Religion and Tolerance in Islam’s Global Gathering”—said that the annual pilgrimage develops a tolerant attitude among Hajjis toward other religions and cultures.

Researchers, David Clingingsmith, Asim Ijaz Khwaja and Michael Kremer, based their findings, which were published last month, on data collected from a 2006 survey of more than 1,600 Pakistani pilgrims.

“Evidence suggests that the Hajj increases tolerance, which seems to apply not just within the Islamic world but also beyond it,” they reported, adding, that increased unity does not lead to antipathy toward non-Muslims.

They also found that the Hajj plays a significant role in the survival of Islam as a unified world religion. “Over time, religions with far-flung adherents tend to evolve separate strands which may eventually break away into different religions. Our analysis suggests that the Hajj reduces dissent and splits in Islam by moving Hajjis toward a common set of practices, making them more tolerant of differences among Muslims,” they said.

Pilgrims selected for the survey were also more likely to state that various Pakistani ethnic and sectarian groups are equal and that it is possible for such groups to live in harmony.

Major findings include that the Hajj reduces support for political Islam, reduces superstitious beliefs and encourages Muslims to adopt a more favorable attitude toward women, including greater acceptance of women education and employment. “For example, they (Hajjis) are six percentage points more likely to think women are spiritually better than men, an increase of over 50 percent. They also express greater concern about women’s quality of life in Pakistan relative to other countries and about crimes against women in Pakistan,” the report stated.

Every year, more than 2.5 million Muslims from nearly 150 countries gather in Makkah to perform the Hajj. Although the Hajj takes place on five specified days, pilgrims often spend a month engaged in prayer in Makkah, Madinah and other holy places.

“Pilgrims mix across the lines of ethnicity, nationality, sect and gender that divide them in everyday life, and affirm a common identity by performing the same rituals and dressing in similar garments that emphasize their equality,” the researchers said.

The report added that numerous pilgrim accounts—including that of Malcolm X—lend weight to its findings that the Hajj inspires feelings of unity with the worldwide Muslim community.

The report was commissioned after it was felt that the Hajj could have negative implications for non-Muslims.

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Comments

2 Responses to “Hajj Promotes Tolerance”

  1. Mohammad Wasim on October 9th, 2008 2:50 am

    AWARENESS CAMPAIGN FOR HUJJAJ-E-IKRAM
    FOR USE OF MOBILE PHONE (CELLULAR) IN AL-HARAM AL-SHARIF’S

    In the Name of Allah Most Beneficent and Most Merciful

    LABBAIK ALLAH UMMA LABBAIK
    LABBAIK LAA SHAREEKA LAKA LABBAIK INNAL HAMDA WAN-NI’MATA LAKA WAL MULK LAA SHAREEKA LAK

    Respectable Hajj Pilgrims

    As’Salâm Alaikum Wa’Rahmatullâhi Wa’Barakâtuh

    By the grace of Almighty Allah you shall soon be traveling for performing Hajj. Surely you shall take care of the sacredness of Harmain Shareefain (Makkah Al Mukarama and Madina Al Munawara). In this regard we request you to remove Musical Ring Tones from your mobile (Cellular) phones before departure and during Hajj try to keep your mobile phones on Vibrators/Silent. By this you shall be avoiding any disturbance to your worship as well as to the worships of other pilgrims and furthermore the sacredness of Harmain Shareefain shall not be harmed. We hope that you shall put heed to this request and shall convey this message to other pilgrims as well. May Allah Subhanawatallah accept your Hajj. Ameen

    Was’Salâm Alaikum
    This message is available is given addressees:

    English
    http://www.freeimagehosting.net/image.php?57b98947e8.jpg
    Arabic
    http://www.freeimagehosting.net/image.php?047160ec6d.jpg
    Urdu
    http://www.freeimagehosting.net/image.php?cb2e8eda4c.jpg

    http://www.the-saudi.net/hajj/mobile_phone.htm

  2. Mohammad Wasim on October 26th, 2010 9:55 pm

    In the Name of Allah Most Beneficent and Most Merciful

    AWARENESS CAMPAIGN FOR HAJJ PILGRIMS FOR USE OF MOBILE PHONE (CELLULAR) IN AL-HARAM AL-SHARIF’S

    An Awareness Campaign message for Hajj Pilgrims regarding the use of Mobile (Cellular) Phones in Al-Haram Al-Sharif’s (Makkah Al Mukarama and Madina Al Munawara). The Hajj season will start after few weeks.

    “Most of the pilgrims use different musical tones in mobile phone when receiving calls in Al-Haram Al-Sharif’s other pilgrims get disturbed in their prayers. This act is unethical and unacceptable for Muslim and against the respect of Al-Haram Al-Sharif’s”.

    By the grace of Almighty Allah you shall soon be traveling for performing Hajj. Surely you shall take care of the sacredness of Harmain Shareefain (Makkah Al Mukarama and Madina Al Munawara). In this regard we request you to remove Musical Ring Tones from your mobile (Cellular) phones before departure and during Hajj try to keep your mobile phones on Vibrators/Silent. By this you shall be avoiding any disturbance to your worship as well as to the worships of other pilgrims and furthermore the sacredness of Harmain Shareefain shall not be harmed. We hope that you shall put heed to this request and shall convey this message to other pilgrims as well. May Allah Subhanawatallah accept your Hajj. Ameen
    Was’Salâm Alaikum
    This message is available is given addressees:

    English
    http://www.freeimagehosting.net/image.php?9bc7c31a2a.jpg

    Arabic
    http://www.freeimagehosting.net/image.php?740c05eb7d.jpg

    Urdu
    http://www.freeimagehosting.net/image.php?4ba68c57fa.jpg

    Mohammad Wasim
    Karachi-Pakistan
    pakwasim@hotmail.com

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